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Battle of Fort Sumter Timeline (April 12th - 14th, 1861)


The Battle of Fort Sumter marked the official start of the American Civil War - the first shots of the conflict were fired there.

Fort Sumter had been built as a defensive position looking towards the Atlantic for British warships. It was located strategically at the mouth of Charleston Harbor to which all manner of shipping passed through on a given day. It held ranged firepower against the Charleston city shoreline and could also reach out to incoming warships miles away. When South Carolina seceded from the Union in December of 1860, this opened the Fort up to new ownership - the Confederates bombarded it beginning on April 12th and claimed it by April 14th. The first shots of the Civil War had been fired and the South drew first-blood.

The Fort wa sunder Southern ownership until the end of the war for it was not until February of 1865 that the Confederates evacuated the battered structure under pressure from General Sherman's advancing forces. The flag of the United States of America was raised once more over the Fort on April 14th, 1865.

There are a total of (16) Battle of Fort Sumter Timeline (April 12th - 14th, 1861) events in the CivilWarTimeline.net database. Entries are listed below by date-of-occurrence ascending (first-to-last). Other leading and trailing events are also included for perspective.


By-the-Numbers (Confederate Victory)
Union Flag graphic
Union Command: Robert Anderson
Union Army: 1st United States Artillery
Union Strength: 85
Union Casualties: 0

Confederate Flag graphic
Confederate Command: P.G.T. Beauregard
Confederate Army: Provisional Forces
Confederate Strength: 3,250
Confederate Casualties: 0
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