Civil War Events by State - Texas


Listing of all day-by-day events of the American Civil War related to the state of Texas.

The American Civil War crossed borders throughout many states as the nation was plunged into turmoil. Key battles were fought throughout the land with the most being recorded in the state of Virginia followed by the state of Tennessee. The war stretched into loosely established territories in the West as well and involved actions in international waters and support from foreign powers. In the end, the fractured country required decades of healing and its scars can still be seen today.

There are a total of (26) Civil War Events by State - Texas events in the CivilWarTimeline.net database. Entries are listed below by date-of-occurrence ascending (first-to-last). Other leading and trailing events are also included for perspective.


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Day-by-Day Timeline of Events


February 1, 1861

Texas declares it has seceded from the Union, joining a chorus of southern states in defiance of the north.

Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
February 23, 1861

Texans go to the polls and overwhelmingly reaffirm their intent to secede from the Union.

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May 9, 1861

Military assets of Texas are officially handed over to the Texas Rangers by U.S. General David Twiggs.

  Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
August 3, 1861

Union warships open fire on Confederate positions at Galveston, Texas.

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February 20, 1862

The Battle of Valverde begins pitting 3,000 union troops against 2,590 confederates in New Mexico Territory. Confederate General Henry Hopkins Sibley leads with General Thomas Green against Edward Canby. They are supported by Texas cavalry as well as land militia forces.

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September 25, 1862

Union warships bombard Confederates at Sabine City, Texas. The defenders are driven away.

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October 5, 1862

Union naval forces claim Galveston, Texas.

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December 25, 1862

Union forces destroy the railway network at Vicksburg, Mississippi accessing both Louisiana and Texas.

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January 1, 1863

Union forces flee Galveston, Texas after a surprise attack by General Magruder and his men. The city is now firmly in Confederate control.

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January 1, 1863

Union Navy forces move back into position around Galveston, Texas, ensuring the naval blockade stays in place.

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January 11, 1863

USS Hatteras is sunk by CSS Alabama near Galveston, Texas.

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January 21, 1863

Confederate warships capture several Union vessels at Sabine Pass in Texas. This success alleviates the naval blockade for a time.

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September 8, 1863

Union warships fail to take Fort Grisby in Texas from Confederate defenders.

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September 8, 1863

Union gunboats fail to defeat Confederate forces at Sabine Pass (Texas). Two of the three attacking warships are taken by the South.

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November 2, 1863

Union forces form up at Brazos Santiago, Texas near the Mexican border.

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November 2, 1863

This date marks the start of the Battle of Brownsville (Texas). General Banks leads the Union against Mexican Patriots led by former Confederate Generals.

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November 6, 1863

Union troops move into Brownsville, Texas, expanding their foothold in the Confederate state.

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November 6, 1863

The Battle of Brownsville ends as a Union victory.

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November 17, 1863

Union elements take Aransas Pass in Texas.

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November 19, 1863

Confederate forces are driven from Fort Esperanza in Matagorda Bay, Texas.

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April 29, 1865

President Davis and several of his cabinet meet in Yorkville (York) in South Carolina and plan to relocate the Confederate government headquarters to Texas.

  Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
May 12, 1865

The last battle of the Civil War is fought at Palmetto Ranch near Brownsville (Texas). The Battle of Palmetto Ranch spans two days.

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May 13, 1865

The Battle of Palmetto Ranch ends as a Confederate victory.

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May 19, 1865

The large Confederate prison-of-war camp at Tyler, Texas - Camp Ford - is officially closed.

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May 26, 1865

The last major Confederate force is surrendered to authorities of the North in Galveston, Texas. This involves Confederate General Edmund Kirby Smith and his Trans-Mississippi Department. General Edward Canby presides over the event.

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June 2, 1865

Confederate forces at Galveston, Texas finally surrender their positions at the port.

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  Civil War by Battle / Engagement  

Battle of Fort Sumter (1861)
1st Bull Run / 1st Manassas (1861)
Battle of Wilson's Creek (1861)
Battle of Belmont (1861)
Henry-Donelson Campaign (1862)
Battle of Hampton Roads (1862)
Battle of Pea Ridge (1862)
Shenandoah Valley (1862)
Mississippi River Campaign (1862-1863)
Peninsular Campaign (1862)
Shiloh (1862)
Seven Days Battles (1862)
Chattanooga Campaign (1862)
2nd Bull Run / 2nd Manassas (1862)
Battle of Chantilly / Ox Hill (1862)
Battle of Harpers Ferry (1862)
Antietam / Sharpsburg (1862)
Battle of Fredricksburg (1862)
Battle of Murfreesboro (1862-1863)
Battle of Chancellorsville (1863)
Battle of Gettysburg (1863)
Vicksburg (1863)
Battle of Chickamauga (1863)
Atlanta (1864)
Battle of Spotsylvania (1864)
Overland Campaign (1864)
Battle of Petersburg (1864-1865)
Shenandoah Valley (1864)
Battle of Franklin (1864)
Battle of Nashville (1864)
Appomattox Courthouse (1865)


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