Civil War Events by State - Virginia


Listing of all day-by-day events of the American Civil War related to the state of Virginia.

The American Civil War crossed borders throughout many states as the nation was plunged into turmoil. Key battles were fought throughout the land with the most being recorded in the state of Virginia followed by the state of Tennessee. The war stretched into loosely established territories in the West as well and involved actions in international waters and support from foreign powers. In the end, the fractured country required decades of healing and its scars can still be seen today.

There are a total of (262) Civil War Events by State - Virginia events in the CivilWarTimeline.net database. Entries are listed below by date-of-occurrence ascending (first-to-last). Other leading and trailing events are also included for perspective.








March 27, 1861

Virginia establishes the State Rangers as a state-based militia force.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying political news  
  Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
April 16, 1861

Event person portrait
Union forces leave and burn the U.S. arsenal at Harpers Ferry, Virginia resulting in the loss of thousands of rifles.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
April 17, 1861

The state of Virginia officially secedes from the Union.



Icon signifying political news  
  Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
April 18, 1861

Event person portrait
Robert E. Lee declines an offer by President Lincoln to command the United States Army.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying political news  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
April 18, 1861

State forces of Virginia take over what remains of the Harpers Ferry arsenal.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  
  Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
April 20, 1861

Union forces destroy a section of the Norfolk Navy Yard in Virginia before abandoning it.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military naval action  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
April 21, 1861

Event person portrait
Thomas Jackson arrives in Richmond, Virginia with cadets from the Virginia Military Institute to ready them for war.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
  Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
April 24, 1861

Virginia formally aligns its state military capabilities with that of the Confederate Army.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military naval action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying political news  
  Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
April 27, 1861

President Lincoln adds east coast ports in Virginia and North Carolina to the existing naval blockade action of the South.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military naval action  Icon signifying political news  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
April 27, 1861

Colonel Thomas Jackson takes command at Harpers Ferry (Virginia).



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
  Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
April 27, 1861

Colonel Thomas Jackson arranges for more infantry forces from the Shenandoah Valley area (Virginia).



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
  Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
May 11, 1861

Event person portrait
U.S. Army General George McClellan is set in charge of the Department of the Ohio covering the states of Indiana, Ohio, Pennsylvania (western) and Virginia (western).



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date
May 21, 1861

Richmond, Virginia becomes the official national capital of the Confederacy of the United States.



Icon signifying political news  
  Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
May 24, 1861

Union forces cross the Ohio River into Virginia. Part of their mission is to secure forces loyal to the north found in the eastern part of the state.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
June 1, 1861

The Confederate cause records its first casualty of war - Captain John Q. Marr - who died at the Fairfax Court House in Virginia.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
  Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
June 5, 1861

In trying to muster greater hatred of the north, General Beauregard claims to Virginians that the north stands as a tyrant and has invaded their territory.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
  Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
June 10, 1861

In the war's first complete pitched battle, the Confederates claim the victory over the Union at Big Bethel, Virginia.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
June 10, 1861

Captain Judson Kilpatrick becomes the first Union officer wounded in the conflict, this after Union forces are repulsed at Big Bethel, Virginia.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date
June 14, 1861

Acting governor of Virginia, John Letcher, calls on West Virginians to join the Confederate cause.



Icon signifying political news  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
June 17, 1861

Confederate forces claim the victory in a skirmish against Union forces at Vienna, Virginia.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
July 16, 1861

Forces under the command of Union General Irvin McDowell are on the march from Washington, D.C. towards Manassas, Virginia.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date
July 18, 1861

Contact is made between opposing sides at Blackburns' Ford, Virginia.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
July 20, 1861

The Confederate Congress meets once more, this time in the new capital of Richmond, Virginia. The group will convene until August 31st.



Icon signifying political news  
  Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
July 20, 1861

Union commander Irvin McDowell moves his 10,000 men from Centreville in two forces moving west and south westward. His intention is to flank the left side of the Confederate army.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
July 21, 1861

At 8:30AM, Confederate forces at Stone Bridge are made aware of the Union presence at Sudley Road. Confederate General N.G. Evans moves his units to cover any Union retreat.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
July 21, 1861

Confederate General N.G. Evans and his men meet Union forces in battle.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
July 21, 1861

Finding themselves outnumbered, General Evans and his force retreats to Henry House Hill under the Federal pressure.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
July 21, 1861

The front lines repeatedly change hands in the battle as both sides make - and lose - progress.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
July 21, 1861

Confederate forces withdraw from their positions at Henry House Hill.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
July 21, 1861

Confederate General Thomas Jackson brings in fresh troops ready-to-fight.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
  Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
July 21, 1861

At 4:00PM the Confederates manage to force Union parties into retreat back towards Centreville.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
July 22, 1861

Event person portrait
Confederate forces claim the first major victory of the war at the "Battle of First Manassas" - known to the north as the "First Battle of Bull Run". The war spanned just one day but resulted in tens of thousands of casualties including nearly 2,000 for the Confederates and over 2,700 for the Union. The battle also marks the war's first photographic images - these taken by Matthew Brady.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
July 22, 1861

After heavy losses incurred by both sides, the Battle of Bull Run is over. Federal forces retreat hastily back towards the safety of Washington, D.C.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
August 3, 1861

For the first time in warfare a reconnaissance balloon is used by Union forces to assess Confederate positions. The balloon is launched from USS Fanny at Hampton Roads to observe the enemy at Sewell's Point, Virginia.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military naval action  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
August 7, 1861

Event person portrait
To limit Union troop housing options, Hampton, Virginia is burned by Confederate troops under the command of General John B. Magruder.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
  Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
October 13, 1861

Confederate General Turner Ashby's forces raid Harpers Ferry in Virginia.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
October 21, 1861

Confederate forces successfully intercept a traveling Union force at Ball's Bluff, Leesburg, Virginia.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
October 22, 1861

The Department of Northern Virginia is arranged with Confederate General Joseph Johnson to be its leader.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
  Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
November 18, 1861

The Confederate Provisional Congress meets once more in Richmond, Virginia.



Icon signifying political news  
  Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
November 26, 1861

Dranesvill, Virginia sees a Union victory as cavalry forces from both sides go head-to-head in one of the war's smaller battles - the Battle of Dranesville.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date
January 4, 1862

Confederate troops claim Bath, Virginia.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  
  Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
February 17, 1862

The Confederate Provisional Congress completes its meeting in Richmond, Virginia.



Icon signifying political news  
  Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
February 18, 1862

The Confederate Congress gathers in the nation's capital of Richmond in Virginia.



Icon signifying political news  
  Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
February 22, 1862

The Confederate government officially swears in permanent authorities in the capital of Richmond, Virginia.



Icon signifying political news  
  Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
March 3, 1862

CSS Virginia is launched at the Norfolk Shipyard.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military naval action  
  Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
March 8, 1862

In a naval encounter at Hampton Roads, Virginia, USS Cumberland and USS Congress fall to the confederate warship CSS Virginia.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military naval action  Icon signifying a battle  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
March 8, 1862

In the Battle of Hampton Roads, Virginia, CSS Virginia tangled with Union Navy forces n an effort to help unseat the Blockade.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military naval action  Icon signifying a battle  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
March 8, 1862

Arriving from Norfolk, CSS Virginia enters Hampton Roads at about 1PM.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military naval action  Icon signifying a battle  
  Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
March 8, 1862

USS Cumberland is rammed and sunk by CSS Virginia.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military naval action  Icon signifying a battle  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
March 8, 1862

USS Congress is set alight by CSS Virginia.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military naval action  Icon signifying a battle  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
March 8, 1862

While attempting maneuver, USS Minnesota is run aground.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military naval action  Icon signifying a battle  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
March 8, 1862

At 6:06PM, CSS Virginia retreats to Norfolk as the sun sets.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military naval action  Icon signifying a battle  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
March 8, 1862

At 9:00PM, USS Monitor arrives on the seen and takes up position near USS Minnesota.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military naval action  Icon signifying a battle  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
March 9, 1862

In waters off of Hampton Roads, Virginia, CSS Virginia squares off against USS Monitor in naval history's first duel between two ironclad warships. The engagement ends in a draw.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military naval action  Icon signifying a battle  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
March 9, 1862

At 7:00AM CSS Virginia departs Norfolk and heads to Hampton Roads to finish off USS Minnesota.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military naval action  Icon signifying a battle  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
March 9, 1862

Already having been burning for hours, USS Congress explodes at 12:30AM.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military naval action  Icon signifying a battle  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date
March 9, 1862

CSS Virginia is met by USS Monitor in what would come to be known as the "Battle of the Monitor and the Merrimack". Merrimack was the former name of CSS Virginia prior to her conversion as a Confederate ironclad.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military naval action  Icon signifying a battle  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
March 9, 1862

Fighting between USS Monitor and CSS Virginia continues until 12:15PM at which point CSS Virginia withdraws. The battle, for all its importance to both sides, is labeled indecisive as little headway is made for either party. The Battle of Hampton Roads is over.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military naval action  Icon signifying a battle  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
March 10, 1862

Confederate General Joseph Johnson pulls his forces out of Manassas, wary of the threat posed by General McClellan's forces in the area.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
March 17, 1862

Union General George McClellan begins marching his army towards the Confederate capital of Richmond, Virginia.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
March 23, 1862

At a battle site in Kernstown, Virginia, Confederate forces led by Stonewall Jackson are repelled.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
March 23, 1862

The First Battle of Kernstown (Winchester, Virginia) is had. This one-day engagement sees a Union force numbering between 6,350 and 9,000 against a Confederate force of 3,000 to 4,200. Both sides gain the advantage as the Union claim a tactical victory and the Confederates a strategic one. Casualties number 590 for the North and 718 for the South.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
April 4, 1862

The Peninsular Campaign begins under the leadership of Union General George McClellan (Army of the Potomac). The target is the Confederate capital of Richmond, Virginia. By April 30th, Union forces will number 115,350 strong against an estimated force of up to 100,000 Confederates.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
April 5, 1862

General McClellan's Army of the Potomac begins the siege of Confederate-held Yorktown in Virginia.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
April 10, 1862

Once again President Abraham Lincoln is forced to plead for General McClellan to move to action in Virginia - comparing the current offensive with what was witnessed at Manassas some time earlier.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying political news  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date
April 21, 1862

The Confederate Congress completes its round of latest meetings at Richmond, Virginia.



Icon signifying political news  
  Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
April 21, 1862

With Union forces making headway towards Richmond, Virginia, the Confederate Congress gathers in an emergency session.



Icon signifying political news  
  Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
April 30, 1862

Stonewall Jackson's forces are joined by elements under the command of Major General Richard S. Ewell at Conrad's Store



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
  Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
May 3, 1862

General Jackson orders his men to depart the Shenandoah Valley in a ruse to trick Union observers. They soon return to the region by rail.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
  Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
May 4, 1862

General McClellan's forces take Yorktown, Virginia. Land mines are first experienced here.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
May 5, 1862

The Battle of Williamsburg occurs with inconclusive results for both sides. General McClellan leads Union forces against General Johnston and Longstreet. Casualties total 2,283 for the North and 1,682 for the South.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
May 6, 1862

To face off against Union General John C. Fremont, Stonewall Jackson combines forces with Brigadier General Edward Johnson at Staunton, marching west to meet the enemy.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
May 8, 1862

On this date the Battle of McDowell occurs - a one-day engagement pitting 6,500 Federals against 6,000 Confederates. Stonewall Jackson leads the latter and the battle goes down as a Confederate victory. Losses total 2,59 for the North and 420 for the South. Brigadier General Robert Milroy commanded the North.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
May 9, 1862

Confederate forces leave their positions at Norfolk and relocate to the capital of Richmond to bolster defenses there.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military naval action  Icon signifying military land action  
  Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
May 10, 1862

Norfolk Navy Yard is destroyer by exiting Confederate forces.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military naval action  Icon signifying military land action  
  Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
May 10, 1862

With Confederate forces having retreated out of Norfolk, Virginia, Union forces move in and claim the important seaside town.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military naval action  Icon signifying military land action  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date
May 11, 1862

CSS Virginia, no longer able to operate as a true ironclad and relegated to heavy battery duty, is scuttled at Hampton Roads.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military naval action  
  Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
May 11, 1862

After having run aground near Craney Island, Virginia, CSS Virginia is set alight by her crew.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military naval action  
  Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
May 14, 1862

Despite numerical superiority, General McClellan stops his advancing Union troops 20 miles outside of the Confederate capital of Richmond, Virginia, to await inbound reinforcements.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
May 15, 1862

Confederate guns at Drewry's Bluff turn back the James River Flotilla approaching Richmond. The squadron had managed to reach within 8 miles of the Confederate capital city.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military naval action  Icon signifying a battle  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
May 15, 1862

The Virginia State Line militia is organized.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  
  Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
May 20, 1862

Jackson by-passes General Bank's force by way of the southeast side of Massanutten Mountain and up the Luray Valley.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
May 5, 1862

The First Battle of Winchester is had. Confederate Thomas Jackson is victorious over the Union forces led by Nathanial Banks. Banks had retreated to Winchester and was met by Jackson, who ultimately was able to secure victory and the town itself.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
May 27, 1862

Union General Banks retreats with his forces across the Potomac Rover with Thomas Jackson in hot pursuit. This ends the first phase of the Shenandoah Valley Campaign and claims several victories for the South.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
May 30, 1862

Union forces are back in Front Royal, Virginia in the hopes of reclaiming captured forces.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
May 31, 1862

The Battle of Seven Pines (Battle of Fair Oaks) begins in Henrico County, Virginia.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
June 8, 1862

The Battle of Cross Keys is had pitting a Union force of 11,500 led by General Fremont against 5,800 Confederates under General Ewell. The result is a Confederate victory with 664 Union casualties versus 287 Confederates.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
June 9, 1862

Union forces are driven back at Port Republic in Virginia during the one-day engagement known as the Battle of Port Republic. Union losses count 1,002 against the Confederate's 816.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
June 12, 1862

General Jeb Stuart begins a series of raids against Union forces in Virginia.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
June 15, 1862

Confederate General Jeb Stuart completes his raiding against General McClellan's forces in Virginia.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
June 25, 1862

The Seven Days Battles are begun - six major engagements spanning seven days and pitting forces of General McClellan against forces of General Robert E. Lee. It marks a Confederate victory though losses are heavy for both sides. the battles take place around the Confederate capital of Richmond, Virginia near Oak Grove.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
June 6, 1862

The Army of Virginia (formerly the Army of the Potomac) is now handed to General John Pope per President Lincoln's order.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying political news  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date
June 27, 1862

The third contest of the Seven Days Battles is fought during the Battle of Gaine's Mill. It is a Confederate victory by Robert E. Lee over McLellan.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
July 1, 1862

The Seven Days Battles draw to a close. Casualties total 18,849 for the Union and as many as 20,100 for the Confederates. It is a Confederate victory nonetheless as General McClellan's forces fail to make progress. It makes the culmination of the Peninsular Campaign.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
July 9, 1862

President Lincoln pays General McClellan a visit at Harrison's Landing in Virginia.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying political news  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date
July 14, 1862

The command of the Union Army of Virginia falls General John Pope.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date
July 31, 1862

From a position at Coggin's Point in Virginia, Confederate guns manage little damage against Union warships located near Harrison's Landing.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military naval action  Icon signifying a battle  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
August 8, 1862

Stonewall Jackson's forces cross the Rapidan River just north of Gordonsville to head off Union general Pope and his forces.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
August 9, 1862

Stonewall Jackson's forces are victorious over Union troops at Cedar Mountain, Virginia.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
August 9, 1862

Nathaniel Banks' Union forces manage several victories before being driven back by Stonewall Jackson's forces.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
August 11, 1862

General Jackson pulls his troops back across the Rapidan River for fear of arriving Union reinforcements.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
August 13, 1862

Event person portrait
Robert E. Lee orders forces under General Longstreet to head towards Gordonsville and strengthen the Confederate presence there.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
  Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
August 15, 1862

The Confederate Congress meets in Richmond, Virginia.



Icon signifying political news  
  Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
August 18, 1862

Union General Pope is forced back over the Rappahannock River due to growing Confederate pressure.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
August 22, 1862

J.E.B. Stuart's Confederate cavalry forces raid around Catlett's Station (Virginia) and capture 300 Union troops, detailed plans and supplies.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
August 22, 1862

J.E.B. Stuart's cavalry raid brings him to Union General Pope army's rear.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
August 25, 1862

Stonewall Jackson begins a flanking maneuver against Pope's army.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
August 27, 1862

Ewell's division is ordered to Bristoe Station by Stonewall Jackson to delay Pope's arriving troops.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
August 27, 1862

Stonewall Jackson captures a major Union supply depot at Manassas Junction.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
August 28, 1862

The Second Battle of Bull run is had over a two-day period, beginning on August 28th and ending on the 30th. Confederate forces are under the command of Robert E. Lee with Union troops directed by John Pope. The battle results in a Confederate victory.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
August 28, 1862

Jackson redeploys his forces West of the old Bull Run battlefield.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
  Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
August 28, 1862

The Second Battle of Bull Run officially begins. Confederate shelling is heard at 6:30PM. The action takes place around Brawner's Farm (Groveton).



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
August 29, 1862

Stonewall Jackson's forces hold Stony Ridge. First contact between the two sides on this day is had at 7AM.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
August 29, 1862

Event person portrait
Sigel's sector is strengthened by Major General Hooker's division by 1PM.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
August 30, 1862

General Longstreet's force, under Major General Richard Anderson and having arrived on the battlefield at 3AM, enacts a counterattack that ultimately pushes Union elements to retreat.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
August 30, 1862

The Second Battle of Bull Run ends as a considerable Confederate victory (as did the first). The Confederate forces were outnumbered man-to-man but managed significant casualties against the enemy.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
September 1, 1862

The Battle of Chantilly (Virginia) - also known as "Ox Hill" - takes place. It ends inconclusively as both sides fail to gain the initiative. Casualties number 1,300 Union and 800 Confederate. The battle marks the end of the Northern Virginia Campaign that includes Second Bull Run.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
September 1, 1862

Event person portrait
Union General Isaac Stevens is killed at the Battle of Chantilly.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date
September 1, 1862

Event person portrait
Union General Philip Kearny is killed at the battle of Chantilly.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date
September 2, 1862

Union General Pope orders his forces to retreat to the outskirts of Washington, D.C.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date
September 2, 1862

Union General John Pope is relieved of command of the Army of Virginia by order of President Lincoln.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date
September 2, 1862

General George McClellan is appointed by President Lincoln to succeed outgoing General Pope as leader of the Army of Virginia.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date
September 2, 1862

The Army of Virginia is renamed the Army of the Potomac.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date
September 4, 1862

Near Leesburg, Virginia, the Army of Northern Virginia begins its crossing along the Potomac River.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
September 7, 1862

General George McClellan begins a slow advance away from Washington, D.C. to meet the Confederate threat emerging from Virginia.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
September 11, 1862

General Lee assigns General Longstreet to guard the approaches from the north while General Hill is given the task of the defending the approaches from the south of Harpers Ferry.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
September 12, 1862

The Battle of Harpers Ferry begins. Generals Miles and White lead a Union force of 14,000 against some 26,000 Confederate attackers under the command of generals Stonewall Jackson and A.P. Hill.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
September 15, 1862

The Battle of Harpers Ferry ends as a Confederate victory.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
September 15, 1862

General Dixon Miles quickly surrenders the Union garrison at Harpers Ferry.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
September 19, 1862

General Robert E. Lee makes his return to Virginia territory.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
  Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
October 10, 1862

Stonewall Jackson is promoted to the rank of Lieutenant General and now heads 2nd Corps (Army of Northern Virginia)



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
  Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
October 13, 1862

The Confederate Congress ends its latest round of meetings in the capital of Richmond, Virginia.



Icon signifying political news  
  Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
October 26, 1862

General McClellan leads his forces over the Potomac River into neighboring Virginia.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date
November 21, 1862

Union General Edwin Sumner calls for Confederate forces to surrender Fredricksburg.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
November 28, 1862

General Wade Hampton directs a cavalry raid at Hartwood Church in Virginia against Union forces and captured nearly 100 men.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
December 10, 1862

Dumbries, Virginia is raided by Confederate cavalry attached to General Wade Hampton's forces.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
December 11, 1862

Fredericksburg, Virginia is bombarded by artillery under General Burnside's direction.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
December 11, 1862

General Burnside's Union forces cross the Rappahannock River to reach Fredericksburg, Virginia.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
December 11, 1862

The Battle of Fredericksburg begins encompassing actions in Spotsylvania and Fredericksburg counties. The clashes pit a much smaller Confederate force of 78,513 against 122,009 Union troops. Commanders are General Lee (Confederate) against General Burnside (Union).



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
December 13, 1862

A Confederate cavalry raid into Dumbries, Virginia yields a wagon train and fifty prisoners for the attackers.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
December 13, 1862

General Burnside's larger force is beaten by General Lee's Army of Northern Virginia as part of the Battle of Fredericksburg.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
December 15, 1862

The Battle of Fredericksburg ends as a Confederate victory. Confederate numbers are 78,513 committed to action with losses numbering 4,201. Union numbers are 122,009 committed with 12,653 losses.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
December 17, 1862

General Hampton leads a two-day raid on Union positions near Occoquan, Virginia.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
December 26, 1862

J.E.B. Stuart heads cavalry raids against Dumphries, Virginia, netting 200 prisoners. The raids span from December 26th into December 31st.



Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
January 12, 1863

The Confederate Congress begins another round of meetings in the Confederate capital of Richmond, Virginia.



Icon signifying political news  
  Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
January 20, 1863

Union forces, under the leadership of General Burnside, attempt a surprise offensive against General Lee's army in Virginia. However, conditions are such that the march is aborted. It comes to be known as the "Mud March".



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date
January 30, 1863

Union land forces, aided by the Navy, cut-off enemy supply lines running from North Carolina into Richmond, Virginia.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military naval action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
March 8, 1863

Union General Edwin Stoughton is captured while asleep at Fairfax Court House in Virginia by Partison Rangers led by Confederate Lieutenant John Mosby.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
March 17, 1863

Kelly's Ford, Virginia, is the site of a brief cavalry clash between both sides.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
April 2, 1863

Food riots break out in the Confederate capital of Richmond, Virginia.



  Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
April 12, 1863

General James Longstreet takes on Union positions at Suffolk, Virginia.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
April 27, 1863

General George Stoneman leads a series of cavalry raids across Virginia.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
May 1, 1863

The Confederate congress adjourns their series of meetings in Richmond, Virginia.



Icon signifying political news  
  Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
May 3, 1863

General William Averell is replaced by General Joseph Hooker in the Union ranks.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date
May 4, 1863

Event person portrait
The siege of Suffolk, Virginia, directed by Confederate General Longstreet ends.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military naval action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
May 8, 1863

General Stoneman's raids into Virginia end.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
June 9, 1863

Confederate cavalry forces are victorious at Brandy Station, Virginia.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
June 14, 1863

Winchester, Virginia falls to Confederate Cavalry under the command of General Richard Ewell.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
June 17, 1863

Aldie, Virginia is the scene of a cavalry clash between North and South forces.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
June 19, 1863

At the expense of the 1st Rhode Island Cavalry, Union forces are victorious in Middleburg, Virginia.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
June 21, 1863

Union forces are victorious is a clash of cavalry with the South. The Confederates are led by J.E.B. Stuart and the fighting takes place at Upperville, Virginia.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
June 22, 1863

West Virginia, a breakaway territory of Virginia proper, becomes the 35th state in the Union.



Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying political news  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
June 26, 1863

General William Henry Fitzhugh Lee, son to Confederate General Robert E. Lee, is captured by Union forces in Hanover, Virginia.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
July 15, 1863

The Department of Virginia and North Carolina is created by the Union.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date
August 5, 1863

USS Commodore Barney is the recipient of a Confederate electrically-powered torpedo. The incident is recorded at Dutch Gap, Virginia. While not sunk, the Barney is severely damaged.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military naval action  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
September 13, 1863

Culpepper, Virginia is the site of a cavalry face-off between North and South.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
October 10, 1863

Blue Springs, Tennessee is the site of clash between Union cavalry and Confederate forces. The result is a Confederate retreat into Virginia. The North is led by General James Shackelford and the South by General John S. Williams.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
October 19, 1863

Confederate General Jeb Stuart and his cavalry forces are victorious over Union elements at Buckland Mills, Virginia. The action is remembered as the "Buckland Races". Union elements are commanded by General Hugh Kilpatrick.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
November 7, 1863

Union forces are victorious at Rappahannock Bridge in Virginia. The attack involves a rare bayonet charge in the evening hours.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
November 27, 1863

Union General Meade and his forces move to tackle the forces of General Less at Mine Run, Virginia. The Battle of Mine Run ensues and spans from November 27th until December 2nd. Union strength numbers 81,000 against a Confederate Army of 48,000.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
December 2, 1863

Results of the Battle of Mine Run are inconclusive. Casualties amount to 1,272 Union losses and 680 Confederate.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
December 4, 1863

Robert E. Lee's former estate at Arlington, Virginia, is dedicated as Freedman's Village to serve as home to some 1,100 former slaves.



Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying political news  Icon signifying slavery  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
January 1, 1864

General William Smith is named governor of Confederate Virginia.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying political news  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
  Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
February 9, 1864

Colonel Thomas Rose and 107 others escape their Confederate prison in Richmond, Virginia. He is recaptured along with forty-seven of the group.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
February 10, 1864

Another 109 Union officer-level personnel manage an escape from a Confederate prison in Richmond, Virginia.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
February 23, 1864

Some 400 Union prisoners are relocated from Belle Isle, Virginia to Libby Prison in Richmond, Virginia.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
February 24, 1864

General Bragg is received at Richmond, Virginia to take on the position of Military Adviser to Confederate President Davis.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying political news  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
  Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
March 2, 1864

Confederates find plans to burn Richmond and kill Confederate President Davis. The information is found on the deceased body of Ulric Dahlgren following his unsuccessful raid into Richmond.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying political news  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
March 20, 1864

General George Stoneman undertakes a three-day cavalry raiding campaign into Virginia and North Carolina from a Union base in Tennessee.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
April 21, 1864

Event person portrait
Mary Walker, the Union's lone female surgeon, is delivered to the Confederate capital of Richmond in Virginia.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
May 3, 1864

Union General Grant advances towards Richmond, Virginia - the Confederate capital - with a force numbering about 100,000.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date
May 5, 1864

Attempting to push past the Union blockade, a naval action involving CSS Albemarle takes place at the Roanoke River opening. Neither side makes any headway.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military naval action  Icon signifying a battle  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
May 5, 1864

The Battle of the Wilderness takes place across Spotsylvania and Orange counties in Virginia. Generals Ulysses Grant and George Meade face-off against Robert E. Lee. Strength includes 124,232 for the Union and about 65,000 for the Confederacy.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
May 6, 1864

USS Commodore is sunk during a Confederate attack by way of torpedo. This takes place on the James River (Virginia).



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military naval action  Icon signifying a battle  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
May 6, 1864

Confederate General Micah Jenkins is killed by friendly fire during the Battle of the Wilderness.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
  Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
May 6, 1864

Confederate General James Longstreet is seriously wounded at the Battle of the Wilderness by friendly fire.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
  Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
May 7, 1864

The Battle of the Wilderness comes to an end as an inconclusive engagement. Losses and casualties for the Union number 17,666 and the Confederate totals 11,033.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
May 7, 1864

Event person portrait
The Battle of Todd's Tavern (Virginia) takes place between cavalry forces from both sides. Union elements are directed by General Philip Sheridan and Confederate forces are led by Jeb Stuart. The clash is inconclusive.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
May 8, 1864

The Battle of Spotsylvania Court House begins. Union Generals Grant and Meade square off, once again, against Confederate General Robert E. Lee. The action takes place in Spotsylvania County, Virginia. Union forces number as many as 110,000 against a Confederate army of 63,000.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
May 9, 1864

The Battle of Cloyd's Mountain is a limited engagement between 6,100 Union troops against 2,400 Confederates. It takes place in Pulaski County, Virginia and goes down as a Union victory. The battle is significant in eliminating the last Confederate line from Virginia into Tennessee. General George Crook directs the victors against Confederate Generla Albert Jenkins. Losses are 688 to 538, respectively.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
May 9, 1864

Union General Sherman pushes towards Richmond, Virginia.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date
May 10, 1864

Railroad equipment and track sections are destroyed at Beaver Dam Station, Virginia, under the direction of General Custer.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date
May 10, 1864

Confederate forces, numbering 4,000, at Crockett's Cove, Virginia, stand their ground against a Union charge of 2,500 strong. The attackers are driven back into West Virginia. Confederate General William E. Jones claims the victory over Union General William Averell. The official battle results are listed as inconclusive.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
May 11, 1864

The Battle of Yellow Tavern is had in Hanover County, Virginia. It is a Union victory for General Sheridan and a loss for the combined forces of Confederate Generals Jeb Stuart and Fitzhugh Lee. Numbers are 12,000 for the victors and 5,000 for the defeated. Casualties number 625 and 300 respectively.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
May 12, 1864

Confederate General J.E.B. Stuart, aged 31, dies of wounds suffered at the Battle of Yellow Tavern the day before.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
  Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
May 12, 1864

The Battle of Meadow Bridge takes place and is a Union victory as part of the Overland Campaign. General Sheridan is victorious over generals Fitzhugh Lee and James Gordon.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
May 15, 1864

The Battle of Fort Darling - or Battle of Drewry's Bluff - is had pitting five Union warships against an artillery-laden Confederate fort in Chesterfield County, Virginia. It is a Confederate victory for General Beauregard. Union General Benjamin Butler is handed the defeat.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military naval action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
May 15, 1864

The Battle of New Market takes place in Shenandoah County, Virginia. It is a Confederate victory for General Breckinridge over General Franz Sigel. Forces number 4,087 to 6,275, respectively, and losses total 531 to 841, respectively.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
May 20, 1864

The Battle of Spotsylvania Court House concludes as a Confederate tactical victory. General Lee takes the credit over Union leaders General Grant and Meade. Casualties and losses number 12,687 for the victors and 18,399 for the defeated.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
May 20, 1864

The Battle of Ware Bottom Church sees Confederate General Beauregard victorious over Union General Benjamin Butler. The fighting takes place in Chesterfield County, Virginia.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
May 21, 1864

Confederate General Albert Jenkins dies of his wounds suffered at the Battle of Cloyd's Mountain, Virginia. He was 33.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
  Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
May 23, 1864

The Battle of North Anna begins spanning Caroline and Hanover counties in Virginia. Union forces are led by Ulysses Grant and George Meade against Robert E. Lee and the outnumbered Confederate army (Army of Northern Virginia).



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
May 24, 1864

The Battle of Wilson's Wharf is fought. It is a Union victory at Charles City, Virginia. General Edward Wild claims the victory over General Fitzhugh Lee.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
May 26, 1864

The Battle of North Anna ends with inconclusive results as neither side gains the advantage.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
May 28, 1864

The Battle of Haw's Shop takes place on this date. It is inconclusive. The 4,000-strong Union force is led by General David Gregg against the 4,500 Confederates under the leadership of General Wade Hampton.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
May 28, 1864

The Battle of Totopotomoy Creek begins.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
May 30, 1864

The Battle of Totopotomoy Creek is inconclusive.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
May 30, 1864

The Battle of Old Church takes place. It is a Union victory for General Alfred Torbert.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
May 31, 1864

The Battle of Cold Harbor begins as part of the Overland Campaign. Union forces number over 100,000 and are led by generals Ulysses S. Grant and George Meade. They face a Confederate army numbering around 60,000 and are led by General Robert E. Lee.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
June 5, 1864

Piedmont, Virginia is the site of a Union victory under General David Hunter. The Battle of Piedmont spans June 5th and June 6th.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
June 6, 1864

Staunton, Virginia falls to Union forces led by General David Hunter. Not a shot is fired.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
June 9, 1864

Failing to unseat General Lee's defenders at Petersburg, Virginia, Union General Grant enacts a siege of the city. The siege will last (officially) until March 25th, 1865 and result in a Union victory.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
June 11, 1864

The Battle of Trevalian Station is had in Louisa County, Virginia. Confederate Generals Wade Hampton and Fitzhugh Lee are victorious over Union leader General Sheridan. The battle spans into the 12th. Strength is 6,762 Confederates versus 9,286 Union. Casualties are 813 to 1,512 respectively.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
June 12, 1864

The Battle of Cold Harbor ends as a much-needed Confederate victory for General Robert E. Lee. Frontal assaults against fortified Confederate positions mar the Union advance which leads to thousands of casualties.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
June 14, 1864

Petersburg, Virginia is in the crosshairs of General Grant. His forces cross the James River en route to the town.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
June 17, 1864

The Battle of Lynchburg is fought over a two-day span by two small forces. The Confederates numbering 14,000 under General Jubal Early are victorious in beating back 16,643 Union attackers led by General David Hunter.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
June 24, 1864

The Battle of Saint Mary's Church takes place as part of the Overland Campaign. It is inconclusive.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
July 17, 1864

The Battle of Cool Spring takes place over two days between a Union force of 5,000 against a Confederate army of 8,000. It results in a Confederate victory for General Jubal Early and John Breckinridge.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
July 20, 1864

The Battle of Rutherford's Farm takes place (also known as Carter's Farm and Stephenson's Depot). It is a Union victory for General Averell over General Ramseur. Forces number 2,350 Union against 3,300 Confederates.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
July 24, 1864

Kernstown, Virginia is the site of a successful cavalry attack by General Jubal Early over Union forces. It is recorded as the Second Battle of Kernstown.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
July 30, 1864

A massive underground explosion by Union engineers fails to defeat the defenses of Petersburg, Virginia. General Burnside leads the Union forces.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
August 16, 1864

The Battle of Guard Hill in Warren County, Virginia is an inconclusive engagement between the two parties. General Thomas Devin leads Union forces against Confederate General William Wofford. Losses are 71 to 480, respectively. The engagement is also known as the Battle of Crooked Run.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
August 17, 1864

General Sheridan is forced to retreat back across the Potomac under force from Confederate leader Jubal Early.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
September 3, 1864

From the period of September 3rd until the 4th, the Battle of Berryville takes place in Clarke County, Virginia. It is an inconclusive engagement.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
September 16, 1864

General Grant's HQ in Virginia is raided. Some 2,500 cattle are taken. The Confederate force is led by General Wade Hampton.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
September 19, 1864

The Third Battle of Winchester is fought as a Union victory. General Sheridan leads Union forces against Confederate Jubal Early in Virginia.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
September 19, 1864

The Third Battle of Winchester (Battle of Opequon) is had. It is a Union victory in Virginia for General Sheridan over General Early.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
September 21, 1864

The Battle of Fisher's Hill takes place in Shenandoah County, Virginia. It is a Union victory for General Sheridan over General Early. Fighting spans the 21st into the 22nd.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
September 22, 1864

General Sheridan of the Union Army is victorious over Jubal Early and his Confederate force at the Battle of Fisher's Hill in Virginia.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
September 29, 1864

The Battle of Chaffin's Farm and New Market Heights is had. Union forces, numbering 26,600 strong, are led by General Benjamin Butler. The Confederate force numbers 14,500 and is led by General Robert E. Lee and General Richard Ewell. The battle spans September 29th into the 30th in Henrico County, Virginia and ends as a Union victory.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
October 2, 1864

The Battle of Saltville in Virginia takes place. The one-day battle is a victory for the Confederate Home Guard numbering 300. They face a force of 5,000.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
October 9, 1864

The Battle of Tom's Brook takes place in Shenandoah County, Virginia. It is a Union victory.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
October 19, 1864

The Shenandoah Valley is made more secure with a Union victory at the Battle of Cedar Creek in Virginia. General Sheridan is victorious over General Early in this one-day affair.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
December 1, 1864

Union cavalry raids are launched throughout the Tennessee east and into the Virginian west. General George Stoneman leads the charges which will last into early January.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
December 28, 1864

Fort Harrison is taken by Union troops led by General Grant. This is significant in that the fort guards the route towards Richmond, Virginia - the Confederate capital.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
January 11, 1865

General Robert E. Lee, realizing the fortunes of the Confederacy are growing limited, announces his support for a gradual freedom for slaves.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying political news  Icon signifying slavery  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
  Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
January 24, 1865

A Confederate attempt to assault General Grant's headquarters at City Point (Virginia) is called off.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military naval action  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
February 5, 1865

The Battle of Hatcher's Run begins in Dinwiddle County, Virginia. A 34,517 strong Union force faces a 13,835 strong Confederate army. Union forces are headed by General Andrew Hunmphreys and General Gouverneur Warren. Confederate forces are directed by John B. Gordon.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
February 6, 1865

Confederate General John Pegram is killed during the Battle of Hatcher's Run.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
February 7, 1865

The Battle of Hatcher's Run in Virginia comes to a close. It is a Union victory. Losses total 1,539 for the Union and 1,161 for the Confederacy.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
February 9, 1865

Andrew Stephens, acting Vice President of the Confederacy, departs from the capital of Richmond, Virginia to Georgia.



Icon signifying political news  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
  Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
February 17, 1865

Posing as a male Confederate soldier, Mollie Bean is taken prisoner by Union forces outside of the Confederate capital of Richmond in Virginia. Under questioning, she reveals that she has fought with the 47th (North Carolina) for a period of two years, having been wounded at least twice.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
February 27, 1865

Raids under the direction of Union General Sheridan begin against Confederate holdings across northern Virginia.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
March 2, 1865

The Battle of Waynesboro takes place in Virginia. It is a Union victory and notable for the destruction of General Jubal Early's army. Strength includes 2,500 Union against 1,600 Confederates with casualties being 9 to 1,500, respectively.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
March 25, 1865

General Sheridan's cavalry raiding campaign into northern Virginia comes to a close.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
March 25, 1865

Union troops are victorious at the Battle of Fort Stedman in Petersburg, Virginia. The engagement is also known as the Battle of Hare's Hill.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
March 25, 1865

The Siege of Petersburg ends near Petersburg, Virginia. It is a Union victory.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
April 1, 1865

The Battle of Five Forks is fought between forces of General Sheridan and General Pickett near Petersburg, Virginia. It is a Union victory with lopsided losses for the Confederacy (2,950 Confederates to 830 Union).



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
April 2, 1865

Confederate President Jefferson Davis is advised by General Lee to leave Richmond, Virginia.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying political news  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
  Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
April 2, 1865

Confederate forces begin an evacuation of the capital of Richmond, Virginia.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military naval action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying political news  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
  Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
April 3, 1865

Important government documents and gold reserves from the Confederate capital of Richmond, Virginia, are relocated for safety.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying political news  
  Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
April 3, 1865

Union forces claim both Petersburg and the Confederate capital city of Richmond in Virginia in a major blow to the Confederacy.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
April 5, 1865

The Battle of Amelia Springs is deemed inconclusive.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
April 5, 1865

President Lincoln tours the former Confederate capital of Richmond following its capture by Union forces.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying political news  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
Aptil 5, 1865

Confederate President Davis attempts to rally the people of the south after the fall of Richmond.



Icon signifying political news  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
  Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
April 6, 1865

The Battle of Sailor's Creek (or Sayler's) takes place between Union General Philip Sheridan and his 26,000-strong army against Generals Richard Ewell and John Gordon of the Confederacy. Confederate strength numbers 18,500 men. It is a Union victory in Virginia.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
April 8, 1865

Appomattox train station is the site of a Union capture of enemy supplies. General George Custer presides over the victory.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
April 9, 1865

The Battle of Appomattox Court House takes place marking one of the final engagements of the American Civil War. The battle is a decisive Union victory and sees General Lee surrender his Army of Northern Virginia to General Grant. The Union army is made up of 150,000 soldiers against the Confederate's 28,000.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
April 26, 1865

After a lengthy manhunt for President Lincoln's killer, John Wilkes Booth is surrounded in a barn on rural Virginia farm (Port Royal). The barn is set ablaze and Booth is fatally shot.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  Icon signifying a battle  Icon signifying political news  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
May 22, 1865

Former Confederate President, Jefferson Davis, now a prisoner of the North, is relocated to Fort Monroe in Virginia.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying political news  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
May 23, 1865

The U.S. Army disbands the Army of the Potomac, its services no longer in need.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying military land action  
Flag signifying Union involvement on this date
August 31, 1865

Washington College of Lexington, Virginia names former Confederate General Robert E. Lee as its president. The college will one day be renamed to Washington and Lee University.



Icon signifying military action  Icon signifying political news  Icon signifying notable person or persons  
  Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date