Civil War Events by State - Alabama


Listing of all day-by-day events of the American Civil War related to the state of Alabama.

The American Civil War crossed borders throughout many states as the nation was plunged into turmoil. Key battles were fought throughout the land with the most being recorded in the state of Virginia followed by the state of Tennessee. The war stretched into loosely established territories in the West as well and involved actions in international waters and support from foreign powers. In the end, the fractured country required decades of healing and its scars can still be seen today.

There are a total of (29) Civil War Events by State - Alabama events in the CivilWarTimeline.net database. Entries are listed below by date-of-occurrence ascending (first-to-last). Other leading and trailing events are also included for perspective.


Day-by-Day Timeline of Events


January 11, 1861

Alabama moves to secede from the Union, following Mississippi and Florida just days ago.

  Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
February 4, 1861

A provisional government arranged to head the affairs of the new south meet in Montgomery, Alabama.

  Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
April 29, 1861

The Confederate Congress convenes in Montgomery (Alabama) to tackle several issues. The group will gather until May 21st.

  Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
April 29, 1862

Bridgeport, Alabama falls to Union forces.

Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
August 24, 1862

CSS Alabama, arriving from England, is commissioned for service.

  Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
September 5, 1862

CSS Alabama captures the Ocmulgee in the Azores. This marks the Confederate vessel's first claim of a commercial vessel. The enemy ship is burned while its crew is taken prisoner.

Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
December 7, 1862

CSS Alabama is forced to release a captured steamer carrying 640 persons, including 140 Union troops, as it lacks the facilities to take them on.

Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
January 11, 1863

USS Hatteras is sunk by CSS Alabama near Galveston, Texas.

Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
January 15, 1863

CSS Florida conducts various raids down the East Coast of the United States and beyond, her journey beginning in the port-city of Mobile, Alabama.

Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
May 3, 1863

A much smaller force of Confederate cavalry, led by General Forrest, captures Union cavalry raiders in Alabama.

Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
August 5, 1863

CSS Alabama docks near Cape Town, South Africa.

  Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
April 2, 1864

Cavalry units, under the leadership of Union General James H. Wilson, capture Selma, Alabama.

Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date


April 9, 1865

The Battle of Fort Blakely comes to a close. It is a Union victory for Army of West Mississippi commander Edward Canby.

Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
April 27, 1864

Tycoon is captured by the sloop-of-war CSS Alabama. This marks the final ship taken by the Confederate vessel.

Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
June 19, 1864

CSS Alabama is targeted and sunk by USS Kearsarge off the coast of Cherbourg, France.

Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
July 9, 1864

Union cavalry raids begin at Decatur, Alabama under the leadership of General Lovell Rousseau. The raids will head into Marietta, Georgia and span to July 22nd.

Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
July 17, 1864

The railworks running between Montgomery, Alabama and Columbus, Georgia is destroyed by a Confederate force. This action occurs at Opelika, Alabama and is directed by General Rousseau.

  Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
August 2, 1864

The Battle of Mobile Bay begins pitting a Union force of 12 wooden ships, 4 ironclads and 2 gunboats against a Confederate force of 3 gunboats and one ironclad. Additionally, 5,500 Union troops make up a land contingent while the Confederates field 1,500 men. The battle would last until August 23rd. David Farragut and Gordon Granger are the Union leaders. The Confederates are led by Franklin Buchanan and Richard Page.

Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
August 8, 1864

The Union Army, directed by Gordon Granger, takes Fort Gaines (Dauphin Island) during the Battle of Mobile Bay. 900 prisoners are taken.

Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
August 23, 1864

The Battle of Mobile Bay comes to a close on this date. It is a Union victory with 151 killed and 177 wounded for the Union and 13 killed and 22 wounded for the Confederate. One Union ironclad is sunk. 1,587 Confederate troops are captured in the fighting and one gunboat destroyed.

Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
August 23, 1864

Union General Gordon Granger claims Fort Morgan during the Battle of Mobile Bay. Confederate General Richard Page surrenders the fort.

Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
September 24, 1864

The Union Defenders at Athens, Alabama are removed by a Confederate cavalry force led by General Forrest.

Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
March 27, 1865

The Battle of Spanish Fort (Alabama) begins.

Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
April 2, 1865

The Battle of Fort Blakely begins in Baldwin County, Alabama. It is part of the Mobile Campaign and pits 45,000 Union attackers against 4,000 Confederate defenders. This battle marks the last combined-force engagement of the Civil War.

Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date


April 2, 1865

The Battle of Selma takes place in Selma, Alabama. It is a Union victory for General James Wilson and a defeat for Confederate General Nathan Forrest. Strength is 9,000 to 4,000, respectively. Confederate forces suffer mightily as some 2,700 are taken prisoner (General Forrest manages to escape capture).

Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
April 4, 1865

Union forces take Tuscaloosa, Alabama in the Battle of Tuscaloosa. It is captured by General John Croxton.

Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
April 8, 1865

The Battle of Spanish Fort concludes as a Union victory.

Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
April 12, 1865

Union forces take Mobile, Alabama.

Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
May 4, 1865

Citronelle, Alabama is the site of a Confederate Army surrender to Union forces. General Richard Taylor directs the Confederates. Union General Edward Canby presides over the event.

Flag signifying Union involvement on this date   Flag signifying Confederate involvement on this date
  Civil War by Battle / Engagement  

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Henry-Donelson Campaign (1862)
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Battle of Chancellorsville (1863)
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Vicksburg (1863)
Battle of Chickamauga (1863)
Atlanta (1864)
Battle of Spotsylvania (1864)
Overland Campaign (1864)
Battle of Petersburg (1864-1865)
Shenandoah Valley (1864)
Battle of Franklin (1864)
Battle of Nashville (1864)
Appomattox Courthouse (1865)


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