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Civil War Statistics


The numbers behind the war remain staggering even by modern standards - the conflict cost more American lives than any other.

Neither side of the American Civil War escaped struggle, loss and hardship. Beyond battlefield deaths, disease ran rampant in make-shift hospitals and prisons where scores would die from non-combat causes. Beyond the human price was the economical price which led to decades of recovery required, particularly for the battered industry of the South. With slavery abolished, the South would have to look to new ways to become financially viable once more - a mission left unfulfilled until the arrival of the 20th Century.

Populations:
Union: 18.5 million
Confederacy: 9 million (3.6 million slaves)
Border States: 2.5 million (500,000 slaves)

Enlistment Numbers:
Union: 2,672,341
Confederacy: 1,227,890 (est.)

Casualties:
Union: 642,427
Confederacy: 483,026

Soldier Mortality Rate:
Union: 16%
Confederacy: 20%

Deaths by State (approx):
Virginia: 30,000
North Carolina: 30,000
Alabama: 28,000
South Carolina: 17,000
Mississippi: 8,500
Georgia: 6,500
Arkansas: 6,000
Louisiana: 4,000
Tennessee: 3,000
Texas: 2,500
Florida: 1,000

Casualties by Major Engagement (98% fought on Southern soil):
Gettysburg: 51,116
Seven Days Battles: 36,463
Chickamauga: 34,624
Spotsylvania: 30,000
Chancellorsville: 29,609
Shiloh: 23,746
Stones River: 23,515
Antietam: 22,726
Second Manassas: 22,180
Vicksburg: 19,233

Total War Spending:
Union: $2.3 billion ($98 per capita)
Confederacy: $1.0 billion ($111 per capita)

Labor Force Strength:
Union: 1.1 million
Confederacy: 111,000

Railway Coverage:
Union: 20,000 miles
Confederacy: 9,000 miles