Civil War Events by State - Missouri


Listing of all day-by-day events of the American Civil War related to the state of Missouri.

The American Civil War crossed borders throughout many states as the nation was plunged into turmoil. Key battles were fought throughout the land with the most being recorded in the state of Virginia followed by the state of Tennessee. The war stretched into loosely established territories in the West as well and involved actions in international waters and support from foreign powers. In the end, the fractured country required decades of healing and its scars can still be seen today.

There are a total of (36) Civil War Events by State - Missouri events in the CivilWarTimeline.net database. Entries are listed below by date-of-occurrence ascending (first-to-last). Other leading and trailing events are also included for perspective.


Day-by-Day Timeline of Events


May 10, 1861

Union elements take militia forces at Camp Jackson outside of St. Louis, Missouri. The action causes riots to break out.

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June 15, 1861

Event person portrait
Jefferson City, Missouri - the state's capital - is claimed by Union forces under the command of Captain Nathaniel Lyon.

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June 17, 1861

Captain Lyon leads his victorious Union forces against opposing militia at Boonville, Missouri in what becomes the Battle of Boonville. Losses are light for both sides and helps the Union maintain control of the Missouri River.

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August 10, 1861

The Battle of Wilson's Creek in Missouri is won by Confederate forces.

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August 10, 1861

Event person portrait
Union General Nathaniel Lyon is killed during the Battle of Wilson's Creek in Missouri. He becomes the first Union general to be slain.

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August 30, 1861

Event person portrait
Missouri slaves of owners supporting the Confederacy are freed by Union General John C. Fremont after he announces martial law in the state.

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September 2, 1861

The emancipation of Missouri slaves by Union General John C. Fremont is put down by President Lincoln. He is then reassigned.

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September 5, 1861

In an effort to elevate care for the Union wounded in the Western Theater, the Western Sanitary Commission is established in St. Louis, Missouri.

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September 12, 1861

Confederate-aligned state forces of Missouri begin a siege of Lexington.

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September 20, 1861

Confederate forces capture Lexington, Missouri.

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October 21, 1861

Colonel Joseph Plummer leads a Union force to victory over the enemy at Frederickstown in Missouri.

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October 31, 1861

The "Rebel Legislature" of Missouri votes to secede from the Union.

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November 7, 1861

The Battle of Belmont is fought on Missouri soil. It marks the first major engagement for Union General Ulysses S. Grant. A force of about 5,000 Confederates square off against 3,114 Union in Mississippi County, Missouri. It is a Confederate victory but gives Grant much-needed experience in field command.

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November 7, 1861

Confederate forces, including generals Leonidas Poke and Gideon Pillow, are victorious against a Union force under the command of General Grant at Belmont, Missouri.

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January 1, 1862

Union General John Schofield pens a letter to his soldiers to refrain from destruction, plunder and theft of civilian property.

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January 8, 1862

Both forces meet through cavalry clashes in Charleston, Missouri.

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February 14, 1862

General Henry Halleck's Union forces move into Springfield, Missouri.

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February 28, 1862

The Battle of Island Number Ten (New Madrid, Missouri) begins. Union forces are led by John Pope and Andrew Footer against Confederate foes headed by John McCown and William Mackall. Six Union gunboats are aided by eleven mortar rafts, facing a Confederate force of 7,000.

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March 3, 1862

General N.H. McLean in St. Louis, Missouri declares that all Confederate supporters will be hung "...as robbers and murderers..."

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March 14, 1862

Union forces claim New Madrid, Missouri.

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April 4, 1862

Gneeral John Pope's Union forces at New Madrid, Missouri, complete the construction of a canal intended to bypass Confederate firepower along the Mississippi River at Island Number Ten.

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April 7, 1862

As many as 3,500 Confederate soldiers surrender at Tiptonville in Missouri.

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April 7, 1862

Island Number Ten along the Mississippi River, south of New Madrid, Missouri, is given up by the defending Confederate garrison.

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April 8, 1862

The Battle of Island Number Ten draws to a close as the Union claims the victory. Some 7,000 Confederates surrender in the aftermath.

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September 30, 1862

The First Battle of Newtonia is had in Newtonia, Missouri. 1,500 Union forces face a brigade of Indians which results in a Confederate victory.

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October 28, 1862

The 79th U.S. Colored Infantry Regiment from Kansas is the first black regiment to see combat for Union forces. It is involved in clashes at Island Mounds, Missouri.

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January 8, 1863

Springfield, Missouri is raided by a combined Confederate cavalry force led by General Marmaduke and Colonel Quantrill.

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April 26, 1863

Union forces are successful in driving back Confederate cavalry at Cape Girardeau, Missouri.

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October 13, 1863

Union troops under General E.B. Brown at Arrow Rock, Missouri, are victorious over Confederate forces led by General Joseph Shelby.

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January 30, 1864

The Department of the Missouri is handed over to General Rosecrans of the Union Army.

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September 19, 1864

Confederate General Sterling Price begins a series of cavalry raids into Missouri.

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September 27, 1864

Fort Davidson, Missouri is the site of a Union victory over the Confederates. The victors are commanded by General Thomas Ewing. General Sterling Price leads the Confederate attackers.

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October 21, 1864

The Battle of Little Blue River is recorded as a Confederate victory. General Price leas his men over General Curtis with a force of 8,500 to 2,000, respectively. The fighting takes place in Jackson County, Missouri.

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October 22, 1864

The Battle of Byram's Ford is fought. Union forces are victorious in Kansas City, Missouri.The battle rages into the 23rd.

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October 25, 1864

Confederate generals John Marmaduke and William Cabell are taken prisoner (along with 1,000 troops) through actions by Union General Alfred Pleasonton.

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January 11, 1865

Missouri, a Union state, adopts a resolution abolishing the practice of slavery within its borders.

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  Civil War by Battle / Engagement  

Battle of Fort Sumter (1861)
1st Bull Run / 1st Manassas (1861)
Battle of Wilson's Creek (1861)
Battle of Belmont (1861)
Henry-Donelson Campaign (1862)
Battle of Hampton Roads (1862)
Battle of Pea Ridge (1862)
Shenandoah Valley (1862)
Mississippi River Campaign (1862-1863)
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Battle of Fredricksburg (1862)
Battle of Murfreesboro (1862-1863)
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Vicksburg (1863)
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Atlanta (1864)
Battle of Spotsylvania (1864)
Overland Campaign (1864)
Battle of Petersburg (1864-1865)
Shenandoah Valley (1864)
Battle of Franklin (1864)
Battle of Nashville (1864)
Appomattox Courthouse (1865)


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