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The American Civil War, spanning from 1861 to 1865, marked the bloodiest conflict in American history, taking place no less than 85 years after its War of Independence. The new war's rhythm - fought between the Federal / Union North and the Confederate South - was a complex one, wrapped around the issue of human slavery, two very distinct economies, and the all-important issue of state's rights. One-by-one, southern states would secede and give rise to the "Confederate States of America" while taking forts, armories and naval bases within their territories, prompting the North to delcare war. Total casualties before the end would exceed 625,000 souls and wounds would run deep for the many decades.

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